Learn how our essential services will continue to operate as we respond 'Together against COVID-19'.

Who's who in court in a criminal trial by jury    


Interactive image of a court room setting, go below the image for detailed descriptions of each character. Defence Lawyer CCTV Camera Public Support Person Media Corrective Services Officer Prosecutor Accused Jurors Interpreter Witness Judge's Associate Court Reporter Court Officer Judge  

The diagram above shows the main players in a criminal trial by jury in the district or supreme court. Click on the different areas of the diagram to find out who's who in court or read below descriptions for each person.


person is someone who is charged with a crime. Accused people can represent themselves, but can also have a solicitor or barrister represent them. Accused people usually sits in a section called the dock, or behind the bar table.




Court reporter or transcriber is a court staff member who records the hearing and writes down or types what is being said.


CCTV camera on courtroom wall


Closed circuit television is used to convey images of court proceedings to another location when a person is giving evidence from a remote witness facility, or is appearing in court from another location via video conferencing.



Court staff member in Who's who in court picture


Court officer helps the judicial officer and people coming into the courtroom. He (or she) organises court lists, calls witnesses and administers oaths.            





Corrective service officer provides transport and security for people in custody.            




Defendant is a person who must defend his or her actions in court. Defendants may be defending themselves against a criminal or civil charge or have had a court claim for money brought against them. In a criminal trial, a defendants is called the accused.            



Picture of a defence lawyer in a NSW courtroom


Defence lawyerrepresents the defendant or accused person. Sometimes several defence lawyers represent the accused person. In the district or supreme courts the defence barrister may wear a wig and gown.





Interpreter assists the court by translating speech from one language into another or by translating sign language into speech


Judge or judicial officer


Judge or judicial officer: In the district court and supreme court, the judicial officer is called a judge. In the local court the judicial officer is a magistrate. You call a judicial officer 'Your Honour' when you are in court.


Judge's associate picture  


 Judge's associate helps the judge in court with documents and exhibits used in the case. 



Picture of jury in court


Jurors are citizens who sit on a jury panel and consider the evidence in court and decide on matters of fact. Jury panel members are selected at random from the public. They deliver a verdict on the case. In criminal cases there is a jury of 12 while in some civil cases there is a jury of four people. In the local court, cases are heard without a jury.


Media in court picture

Media representatives from the press, television and online services can attend most court proceedings, except those in the children's court.


A prosecutor in a NSW courtroom  


 Prosecutor represents the police or state in criminal matters. In the local court, the prosecutor is a specially trained police officer while in the district or supreme court, the prosecutor is a lawyer from the Office of the Director of Public Prosecutions.


Picture of members of the public in court  

Public are allowed into the public galleries of courtrooms in New South Wales to watch most cases. However, some cases, including all children's court cases, are closed to the public.

Picture of a court support person  

Support people come to court to offer support to particular witnesses. They are chosen by particular witnesses, but do not play a role in court proceedings.           

Picture of witness in court

Witness is someone  who gives evidence in a case. Witnesses answer questions asked by the prosecutor and the defence. Before giving evidence, each witness is asked to take an oath or affirmation, which is a promise to tell the truth.