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Depending on the court and the type of case, you will find different people in the courtroom.
These are links to different who's who in court diagrams and pictures which can assist you identify the different people in court.
Who's who in a criminal trial by jury
Who's who in a criminal matter involving children or young people - CourtStuff website of the National Children's and Youth Law Centre.
Who's who in a fines case in the Local Court
Who's who in the Small Claims Division of the Local Court
Who's who in a police application for an apprehended violence order (AVO)
Who's who in a private application for an apprehended violence order (AVO)
Who's who in the Supreme Court
Member of the public can also attend court cases in different courts to get a better idea of what happens in court.
In civil cases:
the people involved in a case are described as the plaintiff and defendant; or claimant and respondent
there will not usually be a jury present (there are rare exceptions to this rule)
the procedure is referred to as a hearing not a trial
the judicial officer may be a judge, a magistrate, a registrar or chief clerk of the court
In appeals, the people involved in a case are described as the appellant and the respondent.
Depending on the tribunal:
the people involved in a case may be described as a plaintiff and defendant; or claimant or applicant and respondent
if the matter is an appeal, the people involved in a case may be referred to as the appellant and the respondent
the judicial officer could be a judge or a tribunal member (a suitably qualified person)